Epilepsy

Brain & Spine Specialists

Neurologists & Neurosurgeons located in Panama City, FL

As the fourth most common neurological disorder in the United States today, epilepsy affects one in 26 people. The neurologists at Brain & Spine Specialists, with two locations in Panama City, Florida, diagnose epilepsy with state-of-the-art tests and offer customized treatment plans to reduce your risk of seizures and restore your quality of life. If you’re concerned about epilepsy or seizures, call or schedule an appointment online today.

Epilepsy Q&A

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes abnormal brain activity, which leads to seizures, other irregular behaviors, or a loss of awareness. Epilepsy affects patients of all ages, gender, race, and ethnicity.

If you have two seizures that don’t have an apparent cause, your provider will likely run tests to confirm a diagnosis of epilepsy.

What are the symptoms of epilepsy?

The abnormal brain activity of epilepsy causes seizures to occur in different parts of your brain. Depending on the location of the seizure, you may have symptoms such as:

  • Temporary confusion
  • Staring spell
  • Jerking movements in your arms or legs
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness of your surroundings
  • Fear and anxiety

Dramatic seizures where you lose control of your body are rare. Nonetheless, it’s important to be aware of the more subtle signs of seizures and seek professional diagnosis and treatment.

What causes epilepsy?

In most cases, there’s no identifiable cause of epilepsy. While head trauma, prenatal injuries, and infectious diseases such as meningitis or encephalitis can lead to epilepsy, you may also have a genetic predisposition for epilepsy or develop the condition as a symptom of a brain tumor or the damage caused by a stroke. Your risk of seizures increases as you age and your chances of developing diseases such as Alzheimer’s also increase.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?

Brain & Spine Specialists is the only certified neurodiagnostic center for electromyography and electroencephalography (EEG) in the Panama City area. The team diagnoses epilepsy with EEGs and a comprehensive exam. EEGs evaluate the electrical activity in your brain, which allows your doctor to spot abnormalities, diagnose epilepsy, and classify your seizures.

Brain & Spine Specialists offer convenient in-office EEG testing as well as ambulatory testing. You wear mobile EEG equipment at home for 24 hours. When you return the equipment, your doctor analyzes your brain activity.

How is epilepsy treated?

Currently, there is no cure for epilepsy. However, the neurologists at Brain & Spine Specialists offer customized treatment plans to reduce or eliminate your seizures and other symptoms. While anti-seizure medication is the gold-standard of epilepsy treatment, your doctor may recommend other therapies including nerve stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and dietary changes. In rare cases, your doctor may recommend surgery for treatment-resistant epilepsy.

If you’re concerned about seizures or epilepsy, call Brain & Spine Specialists or make an appointment online today.